Associations and Communities in Hungary in the Second Half of the 19th Century

Civic Review· VOL 17. Special Issue, 2021, 431–444., DOI: 10.24307/psz.2021.0029

Dr. Adél Vehrer, Associate Professor, Széchenyi István University Apáczai Csere János Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).


The 19th century saw a boom in the organisation of civil communities in all European countries. Legislative changes gave room for the institutionalisation of associations, clubs and circles, and as a result the number of these organisations multiplied. Research on associations is a multifaceted task, as they cover a range of disciplines depending on their type. Their literature and approaches are therefore diverse. Cultural history, social history, sociology, statistics, legal history, literary history and ethnography can all play a role in the study of associations. The present study examines the types, number and membership of associations in Hungary in the 19th century in a European comparison.

Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) codes: N93, Z11, Z13
Keywords: community, association, 19th century society