Civic Review· VOL 17. Special Issue, 2021, 431–444., DOI: 10.24307/psz.2021.0029
The 19th century saw a boom in the organisation of civil communities in all European countries. Legislative changes gave room for the institutionalisation of associations, clubs and circles, and as a result the number of these organisations multiplied. Research on associations is a multifaceted task, as they cover a range of disciplines depending on their type. Their literature and approaches are therefore diverse. Cultural history, social history, sociology, statistics, legal history, literary history and ethnography can all play a role in the study of associations. The present study examines the types, number and membership of associations in Hungary in the 19th century in a European comparison.
Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) codes: N93, Z11, Z13
Keywords: community, association, 19th century society